What Are the Basics of Basketball?

In this topic, we will go through the basketball basics to help you as a beginner. Although basketball is a thrilling sport, getting started can be scary. First, it can be intimidating because there are many intricate positions and rules. But remember that you began to go precisely where every basketball player did. We want to go through the fundamentals of basketball in this essay quickly. By reading this guide, you may soon understand the basics of basketball, whether you wish to play or sound skilled.


Basketball is played by two opposing teams of five players on the court. Your team must score by putting the ball in the opponent’s basket. The offense is what we call this.

On the other end, you need to stop the other side from putting the ball in your basket. Defense is the term for this. After the allotted time has passed, the winning team will have the most points.

The Ball in Basketball

The ball is an essential part of the game of basketball. It is used to score points by shooting it through the basket, and it is also used to pass the ball between teammates. The ball is round, made of leather or synthetic materials, and typically inflated with air.

Ball Sizes

Different sizes of basketballs are used in various levels of play. The players’ age and skill level determine the ball’s size. The official size of a basketball for men’s professional play is 29.5 inches in circumference, while the official size for women’s professional play is 28.5 inches in circumference. For younger players, the ball size is typically smaller, with sizes ranging from 27.5 inches for high school players to 25.5 inches for elementary school players.

Importance of the Right Ball Size

Players need to use the correct size ball for their level of play. Using a ball that is too small can lead to difficulty handling and shooting it while using a ball that is too large can make it difficult to grip and control. Using the correct size ball helps to ensure that players can perform to the best of their ability and helps to prevent injuries.

What is the Role of Each Position in Basketball?

Do you know what are basic positions of basketball are? Basketball game traditionally uses 5 specific positions on the court. Each squad has a center, two forwards, and two guards. Here is a short explanation of each role.

Point Guard:

The point guard is frequently the team’s shortest player. The team’s top dribbler and the passer are typically the point guard.

The point guard tries to steal the ball while defending the opponent’s point guard. The point guard must be able to read the defense once the offense has been set up and make smart decisions.

Shooting Guard:

Also known as an off-guard, the shooting guard is the other position. This player is typically the most talented shooter on the team. In this position, the shooting guard must be able to shoot consistently from midrange, outside, and close to the basket.

Small Forward:

The small forward, also known as the wing position, is in the game. The small forward is the most versatile of the 5 basketball positions on the court. This player is a multi-talented specialist with solid shooting, passing, and rebounding abilities.

Power Forward:

The power forward is usually the second tallest player on the team, and he has been more solid and skilled. The power forward competes with the big boys on the block. Although this player typically doesn’t shoot from far away, He is adept at grabbing rebounds and scoring in close.


The center, known as the ‘five,’ is often the team’s tallest and strongest player and spends the most time in-game around the basket. At the beginning of every game, centers handle the tip-offs. Centers are usually skilled at rebounding and shot-blocking because of their height. Most centers are also great scorers.

The Courts:

The playing space of the basketball court area is divided into two baskets. According to the NBA and NCAA courts, basketball courts have a length of 94 feet and a width of 50 feet equal. And the FIBA (international basketball federation) size of the court’s length is 91.86, and the width is 49.21.

The half-court line divides the court into two sides. A three-point line of the courts’ sides is called aka three or pointed arc. And there is also the boundary line called the free throw line.

There are two types of basketball courts first is indoor basketball courts made of wood. And second, the outdoor courts are made using polymeric rubber crumb and concrete.

Basics Rules and Regulations:

A basketball team includes 12 to 15 players. Each side can be allowed to play five players on the court at the same time. When the game is stopped, such as a time out or a foul call, the couches of the teams can change players according to the situation. Otherwise, the substitute players are waiting outside the ground.

There are four quarters in an NBA game, and each half is 12 minutes. The game in college basketball is split into two 20-minute halves game and the high school basketball game is divided into four quarters of 8 minutes.

A tip-off signals the start of every basketball game. The tallest player on each team, typically called the center, jumps as high as he can to deliver and tip the ball to his team members.

The attacking team is holding the ball. The offense team’s objective is to get the ball dribbling, pass, and put it into the opponent’s basket.

The opposing team’s action is called defense. The defense team has to stop the attacking team from scoring. The defense players also try their best to steal the ball and rebound missing shots.


The basics basketball rules violations are four major types. And the play is completely stopped after a violation, and the offending team loses possession of the ball.

      1. Traveling/Walking

It’s challenging to explain traveling in words, but it’s there to stop players from taking more than one step while possessing the basketball.  This regulation also does not allow the players to change or move their feet.

      2. Backcourt

The offensive team is not permitted to cross back over the half-court line into the backcourt after the ball is properly established at the frontcourt. If they do, it is a turnover and a penalty.

The only situation where this wouldn’t apply is if a defender were to tap the ball over the half-court line. After that, the offense can run back and collect it.

      3. Held ball

Sometimes two players from opposite teams grappling for a loose ball end up holding it equally simultaneously. And this is because a referee blew the whistle, and he asked to jump the ball again. Otherwise, each team gets the basketball in a rotation based on the possession arrow and will be awarded a ball.

      4. Double dribbling

A player cannot continue dribbling once he has stopped dribbling. If a player does, it is called a double dribble, and then his team loses control of the ball. In addition, if a player dribbles the ball with both hands, it is also considered a double dribble.


Each team will be limited to a particular number of fouls every quarter or half. For example, the NBA allows a   five-team fouls limit in every quarter. There are seven fouls a team in each half in the NCAA. If a team gives more fouls than permitted will result in a penalty situation for the opposite team. When a player is offered a free throw, they can score one point without being defended. When the other team commits a violation, this is given to a player or team.

There is no limit on the number of times players can be changed substitutes on the court during the game. However, there should always be five players on the court for each team throughout the game. The referees will monitor obedience to the regulations of the game. Therefore, communication with referees must be conducted properly. A violation may result if players or team representatives aggressively criticize or disagree with the referees.


In this article, we tried basic things to know about basketball concepts. We hope you have learned the basics of basketball from this post and are now better prepared to move on. Best wishes, and keep having fun with the game.